many later being merged into the project (e.g. The author, Danah Boyd, describes herself as an expert on social media. 77 In 2003, economics PhD student Andrea Ciffolilli argued that the low transaction costs of participating in a wiki create a catalyst for collaborative development, and that features such as allowing easy access to past versions of a page favor "creative construction" over "creative destruction". Retrieved March 11, 2014. A b Elder, Jeff (June 16, 2014).
97 Administrators Editors in good standing in the community can run for one of many levels of volunteer stewardship: this begins with " administrator 98 99 privileged users who can delete pages, prevent articles from being changed in case of vandalism. 210 That law bans photographic child pornography and cartoon images and drawings of children that are obscene under American law. Becoming a Wikipedia insider involves non-trivial costs: the contributor is expected to learn Wikipedia-specific technological codes, submit to a sometimes convoluted dispute resolution process, and learn a "baffling culture rich with in-jokes and insider references". (October 11, 2012) "You Just Type in What You Are Looking For Undergraduates' Use of Library Resources. The latter was started by Sanger in an attempt to create a reliable alternative to Wikipedia. "A topic is presumed to be notable if it has received significant coverage in reliable secondary sources that are independent of the subject." No original research. Among Wikipedia editors, this is often phrased as "verifiability, not truth" to express the idea that the readers, not the encyclopedia, are ultimately responsible for checking the truthfulness of the articles and making their own interpretations.
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"Manipulation among the arbiters of collective intelligence: How Wikipedia administrators mold public opinion". The authors focused on behavioral changes of the encyclopedia's administrators after assuming the post, writing that systematic bias occurred after the fact. Retrieved July 13, 2010. 245 According to Andrew Lih, the current expansion of Wikipedia to millions of articles would be difficult to envision without the use of such bots. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 25, 2006. 179 Wales once (2006 or earlier) said he receives about ten emails weekly from students saying they got failing grades on papers because they cited Wikipedia; he told the students they got what they deserved. These include Wikimedia chapters (which are national or sub-national organizations, such as Wikimedia Deutschland and Wikimédia France thematic organizations (such as Amical Wikimedia for the Catalan language community and user groups. 190 Coverage of topics and systemic bias See also: Notability in the English Wikipedia and Criticism of Wikipedia Systemic bias in coverage Parts of this article (those related to ) need to be updated. 21 Articles in The Chronicle of Higher Education and The Journal of Academic Librarianship have criticized Wikipedia's Undue Weight policy, concluding that the fact that Wikipedia explicitly is not designed to provide correct information about a subject, but. "Internet encyclopedias go head to head".
Retrieved March 8, 2015. "Wikipedia was born in 2001. A b Kleinz, Torsten (February 2005). For other encyclopedias, see. As of 19:04, Saturday, May 11, 2019 ( UTC ) The procrastination principle dictates that you should wait for problems to arise before solving them. According to a study by Pnina Shachaf in the Journal of Documentation, the quality of the Wikipedia reference desk is comparable to a standard library reference desk, with an accuracy. Mullin, Joe (January 10, 2014). 119 Jimmy Wales stated in 2009 that I)t turns out over 50 of all the edits are done by just.7 of the users. 60 61 The Wikipedia Page on December 17, 2001 Loveland and stor dildo best free porn videos
Reagle argue that, in process, Wikipedia follows a long tradition of historical encyclopedias that accumulated improvements piecemeal through " stigmergic accumulation". (2012) Dynamics of Conflicts in Wikipedia, Published June 20, 2012, doi :.1371/journal. Proceedings of the ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI). 286 Andrew Lih and Andrew Brown both maintain editing Wikipedia with smart phones is difficult and this discourages new potential contributors. A b c Yasseri, Taha; Spoerri, Anselm; Graham, Mark; Kertesz, Janos (May 23, 2013 The Most Controversial Topics in Wikipedia: A Multilingual and Geographical Analysis by Taha Yasseri, Anselm Spoerri, Mark Graham, Janos Kertesz : ssrn, arXiv : 1305.5566, doi :.2139/ssrn.2269392.